DS 23


Richard Difford


Richard Difford is an academic with expertise both in creative technologies and architectural history. His teaching focuses on architectural representation, the history of science and mathematics, and the use of electronics and coding in architectural design.


Franu00e7ois Girardin


Franu00e7ois Girardin is an architect and educator teaching design and cultural context. He has specialist interests in material technologies and digital fabrication.


David Scott

David Scott is an academic and Director of the Fabrication Lab. His interests are in the transformative application of digital technologies to architectural design.


Guest Critics

Anthony Boulanger
Elantha Evans
Laura Nica
Yara Sharif
Dan Wilkinson
Andrew Yau


In DS23 this year we set our sights on Tilbury, in Essex. From the sixteenth-century fort, to protected marshlands and a busy port, this is an area rich in history and supporting a complex ecosystem both natural and manmade. Using the port as a focus, we looked closely at the challenges and opportunities that lie ahead for this area. From the start, the loss of natural wildlife habitat, climate change and the threat of rising sea levels featured strongly in our research. A landscape sculpted by military engineering, agriculture and industry; and yet with the potential for rewilding or adaptation for a greener and more sustainable future. Meanwhile, the presence of the port, and the nearby London Gateway Port, offered economic and political complexity. Looking to the future we also explored the impact of new technologies on every aspect of our lives. The innovative projects that emerged aim to capitalise on the opportunities presented by a diverse set of programmes including: alternative forms of energy and power generation, bio-engineering and crypto currency. Considered at the scale of the urban or natural landscape, these schemes attempt to reconcile the inevitable realities of a technological future with the need for sustainable solutions.